Demographics: Best grades for Biberach in terms of the future

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Demographics: Best grades for Biberach in terms of the future
Demographics: Best grades for Biberach in terms of the future
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Best grades for Biberach in terms of the future

A recent study by the Berlin Institute for Population and Development evaluated the future viability of German cities and districts using 24 indicators. Biberach takes first place, followed by eleven other districts in Baden-Württemberg and nine in Bavaria as well as the district of Vechta in Lower Saxony - the only one north of the Main - which is characterized by good economic data and a high number of children. Half of the twenty districts with the worst ratings are in Saxony-Anh alt, which is characterized by high future risks.

In general, the situation in many regions of the new federal states is critical: only the environs of major cities such as Berlin, Dresden and the Jena-Weimar-Erfurt-Eisenach series of cities do well. A major problem is emigration, which among other things leads to an acute shortage of women – since 1991, almost two thirds of those leaving the country have been women. Since many of them also come from the under 30 age group, the problem of a lack of young people in the regions is aggravated. But the population also decreased in the Ruhr area, the Saarland and along the former inner-German border. In contrast, Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg recorded significant growth.

Childhood shortage is not only a problem in the east, but nationwide: In 2004, the average number of children per woman was at a low of 1.36. Most children are born in western Lower Saxony - in and around Cloppenburg and Vechta. Due to the low birth rate, every generation of children has been a third smaller than that of their parents for three decades. And immigration from abroad has not been able to compensate for this deficit since 2003. In the forecast for 2020, the Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning comes to the conclusion that the east and the Ruhr area will continue to lose population, with people being pushed primarily into the surrounding areas of large cities. The loss will be exacerbated by aging in the fading zones.

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